The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae).

McCranie, James R. and Wake, David B and Wilson, Larry David (1996) The taxonomic status of Bolitoglossa schmidti, with comments on the biology of the Mesoamerican salamander Bolitoglossa dofleini (Caudata: Plethodontidae). Caribbean Journal of Science, 32 (4). 395-398..

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    Abstract

    The holotype of Bolitoglossa schmidti (Dunn) is compared to a series of B. dofleini (Werner) from Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, and to a series of recently collected Honduran specimens of this group. Due to the lack of significant differences between this holotype and the remaining specimens examined, we suggest that B. schmidti is a synonym of B. dofleini. A neotype is selected to replace the lost holotype of B. dofleini. The distribution of B. dofleini is the low and moderate elevations of the Caribbean versant from extreme northern Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, and Cayo District, Belize, to north-central Honduras. The material from Guatemala was found in cardamon plantations, in the vegetation at the base of these plants. Bolitoglossa dofleini exhibits striking sexual dimorphism. Males have a conspicuous mental gland, are much smaller in snout-vent length than the females (the 11 largest males from the Guatemalan locality average 63.5 mm, whereas the 25 largest females average 94.2 mm), and have a more defined neck. The females are more robust and have shorter limbs. The most common food items in stomachs of a sample of more than 100 specimens from Guatemala were ants, followed by beetles and millipedes.

    Item Type: Peer-reviewed Journal Article
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      Publisher: Unspecified Publisher
      Keywords: Bolitoglossa schmidti Bolitoglossa dofleini Alta Verapaz Guatemala
      Subjects: (Z) Other or Unspecified
      Publication Sources: (3) Other Source > (3D) Other or Unspecified
      Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2010 06:00
      Last Modified: 27 Jan 2011 13:47
      URI: http://eprints.uberibz.org/id/eprint/608

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