Geoarchaeological and Archaeobotanical Approaches to HumanEnvironmental Interactions during the Archaic to Preclassic Periods in Northwestern Belize

Aebersold, Luisa, B. A (2015) Geoarchaeological and Archaeobotanical Approaches to HumanEnvironmental Interactions during the Archaic to Preclassic Periods in Northwestern Belize. Masters thesis, University of Texas.

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    Abstract

    This report reviews human-environmental interactions in Northwestern Belize during the transition from Archaic (8000 to 4000 B.P.) to Preclassic periods (4000 B.P. to 2000 B.P.). Specifically, the transition of subsistence strategies from nomadic hunter gatherer to more sedentary food production, which we still do not fully understand in the tropical lowlands of the Maya region. It is during this pivotal era that early to mid Holocene humans domesticated a wide variety of plants and animals, establishing a new human niche strategy that dramatically changed environments around the world. This report considers how human niche construction, a theoretical framework that expressly attributes populations with deliberate ecosystem engineering strategies, plays an integral role in the Anthropocene. I present my plans for analyzing sediments and microbotanical remains to contribute to knowledge about paleoenvironment and human-landscape interactions to provide direct evidence for transformative behavior by humans.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Related URLs:
      Subjects: (F) People and the Environment > (FA) Environmental Health
      (Z) Other or Unspecified
      Publication Sources: (1) Environmental Research Institute
      Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2018 10:20
      Last Modified: 22 Mar 2018 10:20
      URI: http://eprints.uberibz.org/id/eprint/1761

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