Ecology and Behavior of the Jaguar (Panthera Onca) in Belize, Central America

Rabinowitz, Alan R. and Nottingham, B. G (1986) Ecology and Behavior of the Jaguar (Panthera Onca) in Belize, Central America. Journal of Zoology London, 210. pp. 149-159. ISSN 0022-5460/89/009149

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    Five adult male Jaguars and translocated subadult female jaguar were capture and followed by radio-telemetry in Cockscomb Basin, Belize. One adult male Jaguar, two resident female Jaguar a and a Puma were followed only by their tracks. Radio-collared males maintained overlapping ranges of a 28-40km2, while resident females moved in minimum areas of 10km2 within the ranges of individuals males. Despite range overlap, evidence of aggression or sing of behaviour suggested some means of communication. Visual marking in the form of feces and scrapes were found uncovered along roads and trails in area of overlaps between the cats; such marking could have helped in boundary delineation as well as spatial and temporal positioning.Males often remained sin small areas of 2-5km2 for up to two weeks, a behaviour made possible by abundant prey. This behaviour may have facilitated avoidance with other jaguars. Faecal analysis indicated opportunistic feeding on 17 prey species. Armadillo, Paca and Brocket deer accountedd for 94% of the available terrestrial prey and comprised 70% of the identified prey in the feaces. All Jaguars were primarily nocturnal, though activity varied between animals. The translocated femaled showed changes in activity patterns when feeding upon cattle. At least one Puma traveled within the ranges of several males Jaguars and appeared to be feeding on smaller prey items. The behaviour and ecological plasticity exhibit by the Jaguars in this study is beneficial for an animal whose habitat is rapidly diminishing

    Item Type: Peer-reviewed Journal Article
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      Publisher: The Zoological Society of London
      Subjects: (A) Biodiversity > (AG) Mammals > (AGB) Carnivores
      Publication Sources: (1) Environmental Research Institute
      Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 14:12
      Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 14:12

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