Jaguar and puma activity patterns in relation to their main prey

Harmsen, Bart J. and Foster, Rebecca J. and Silver, Scott C. and Ostro, Linde E. T. (2010) Jaguar and puma activity patterns in relation to their main prey. Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde. pp. 1-5.

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    Abstract

    Activity patternsoftoppredatorsareadaptedforefficientpredation,whereastheirpreymustcontend with theconflictingdemandsofacquiringresourcesandavoidingpredators.Hereweanalysetheactivity of jaguars(Panthera onca) andpumas(Puma concolor) inrelationtotheirmostimportantpreyspecies, armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) andpacas(Agouti paca) respectively,intheCockscombBasinWildlife Sanctuary, Belizeusinglarge-scalecamera-trapdata.Jaguarsandpumashavesimilar24hactivitypat- terns asarmadillosandpacas,bothburrow-dwellingspecies,andnegligibleoverlapwithlessfrequently consumed preyspeciessuchasredbrocketdeer(Mazama americana) andpeccaries.Activityofarmadil- los andpacasvariedwithmoonphase,withreducedactivityduringperiodsofbrighterillumination, perhaps asapredator-avoidancestrategy.Acrossthestudyarea,moonphasehadnooverallinfluenceon jaguar andpumaactivity;howeveratlocationsassociatedwitharmadillos,jaguaractivitydeclinedwith brighter illumination,perhapsindicatingashifttoalternativepreyduringfullmoonwhenarmadillos avoided foragingaboveground.Nosuchrelationshipwasfoundforpumasandmoonphaseatlocations associated withpacas.

    Item Type: Peer-reviewed Journal Article
    Related URLs:
    Unique ID or DOI: 10.1016/j.mambio.2010.08.007
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Keywords: Armadillos Camera trapping Moon phase Pacas Predator Panthera onca Prey Puma concolor
    Subjects: (A) Biodiversity > (AG) Mammals > (AGB) Carnivores
    (Z) Other or Unspecified
    Publication Sources: (1) Environmental Research Institute
    Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2017 04:16
    Last Modified: 29 Oct 2017 04:16
    URI: http://eprints.uberibz.org/id/eprint/1640

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