Sample-size effects on diet analysis from scats of jaguars and pumas

Foster, Rebecca J. and Harmsen, Bart J. and Doncaster, C. Patrick (2010) Sample-size effects on diet analysis from scats of jaguars and pumas. Mammalia (74).

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    Abstract

    The Neotropics support more species of terrestrial vertebrate than any of the other seven biogeographic realms, including ;1300 mammals and ;2600 reptiles (Mace et al. 2005, Loyola et al. 2009). These provide a rich base of potential prey for large neotropical predators. Single rainforest locations have yielded as many as 24 different taxa in the diet of the jaguar, Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758, and 20 in the diet of puma, Puma concolor Linnaeus 1771 (Garla et al. 2001, Leite and Galva˜o 2002, Moreno et al. 2006). Published diets deduced from the scats of top predators rarely acknowledge the taxonomic richness of potential prey in the area when evaluating whether the sample size can adequately represent the true dietary richness and breadth. Diet studies consequently risk underestimating plasticity in feeding ecology, and wildlife managers could fail to distinguish predator species that have the potential to adapt to diminishing prey diversity from those that do not. Jaguars and pumas coexist in increasingly fragmented and human-dominated landscapes where they must compete with humans not only for habitat but also for prey (Leite and Galva˜o 2002, Foster et al. 2010). Understanding dietary flexibility of such large felids will allow us to better predict the impact of changes in prey availability on their long-term persistence, and on patterns of coexistence (Foster et al. 2010). Here, we investigate the influence of scat sample size on: (1) the number of taxa detected in jaguar and puma diets, using data from 25 published studies; and (2) the precision of estimates of the relative occurrence of common prey species in jaguar and puma diets, by subsampling from our own large datasets of genotyped scats (Foster et al. 2010). Relative occurrence is defined as {number of prey items belonging to species X}/ {total number of prey items}=100. Species are considered common at G5% occurrence in the diet.

    Item Type: Peer-reviewed Journal Article
    Related URLs:
      Unique ID or DOI: 10.1515
      Publisher: ResearchGate
      Keywords: diet; jaguar; puma; sample size; scat.
      Subjects: (A) Biodiversity > (AG) Mammals > (AGB) Carnivores
      (Z) Other or Unspecified
      Publication Sources: (1) Environmental Research Institute
      Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2017 23:26
      Last Modified: 28 Oct 2017 23:26
      URI: http://eprints.uberibz.org/id/eprint/1635

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