FOCUS: MARINE GEOMORPHOLOGY AS A DETERMINANT FOR ESSENTIAL LIFE HABITAT AND MARINE PROTECTED AREA DESIGN

Heyman, William D. and Wright, Dawn J. (2011) FOCUS: MARINE GEOMORPHOLOGY AS A DETERMINANT FOR ESSENTIAL LIFE HABITAT AND MARINE PROTECTED AREA DESIGN. The Professional Geographer.

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    Abstract

    Marine environments, key life-support systems for the earth, are under severe threat. Issues associated with managing these common property resources are complex and interrelated. Networks of marine reserves can be valuable for mitigating threats to marine systems, yet the successful design and implementation of such networks has been limited. Efficient ways to conserve marine environments are urgently needed. This Focus Section of The Professional Geographer explores the development of marine reserve networks based on geomorphology, fish biology, ecological connectivity, and appropriate governance. The articles in this Focus Section offer examples of the following: (1) distinctive reef geomorphology dictating the spawning locations of reef fishes, which in turn serve as critical source sites for the replenishment of distant reefs by means of larval transport; (2) an example of a simplified oceanographic model that predicts larval transport from fish breeding sites to important nursery areas; and (3) a case study of the development of a marine reserve network that illustrates key elements of a successful strategy. In sum, this Focus Section offers case studies that show the value of marine geomorphology, oceanographic connectivity, and stakeholder involvement as key elements of multidisciplinary geographic studies applied to the design of marine reserve networks. Geographers can further contribute to the conservation and management of coastal and marine ecosystems in many ways that involve subdisciplines of remote sensing and geographic information systems, political and economic geography, political ecology, and ethnography.

    Item Type: Peer-reviewed Journal Article
    Related URLs:
      Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
      Keywords: connectivity, geomorphology, governance of common property resources, marine reserves, spatial planning, spawning
      Subjects: (H) Protected Areas > (HD) Marine Reserve
      Publication Sources: (3) Other Source > (3C) Other Universities
      Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 10:22
      Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 10:22
      URI: http://eprints.uberibz.org/id/eprint/1370

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