The ecology of Belizean mangrove-root fouling communities. I. Epibenthic fauna are barriers to isopod attack of red mangrove roots

ELLISON, A and FARNSWORTH, E (1990) The ecology of Belizean mangrove-root fouling communities. I. Epibenthic fauna are barriers to isopod attack of red mangrove roots. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 142 (1-2). pp. 91-104. ISSN 00220981

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    Abstract

    Wood-boring isopods consume and damage aerial prop roots of mangroves that grow throughout the western Atlantic and Caribbean regions. On mangrove cays off the eastern coast of Belize, the isopod Phycolimnoria clarkae Kensley & Schotte attacks submerged freely hanging roots of red mangroves Rhizophora Inangle L. At Twin Cays, these isopods reduce root relative growth rate (based on root elongation) by 55 %, and do not cause an increase in lateral branching frequency relative to control roots from which isopods were experimentally excluded. These submerged roots are also colonized by a diverse array of epibionts. We demonstrate experimentally that the most common sponge and ascidian species at Twin Cays inhibit isopod colonization and hence indirectly facilitate root growth.

    Item Type: Peer-reviewed Journal Article
    Related URLs:
      Unique ID or DOI: 10.1016/0022-0981(90)90139-4
      Publisher: Elsevier
      Keywords: Belize; Isopod; Mangrove; Phycolimnoria clarkae; Plant-animal interaction; Rhizophora mangle
      Subjects: (A) Biodiversity > (AF) Invertebrates > (AFB) Marine
      (C) Ecosystems > (CB) Marine > (CBE) Mangroves
      Publication Sources: (3) Other Source > (3C) Other Universities
      Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2011 14:09
      Last Modified: 01 Mar 2011 14:09
      URI: http://eprints.uberibz.org/id/eprint/1298

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