Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management

Eagles, P.F.J. and McCool, S.F. and Haynes, C. (2002) Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management. Technical Report.

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    The main purpose of these Guidelines is to assist protected area managers and other stakeholders in the planning and management of protected areas, visitor recreation and the tourism industry, so that tourism can develop in a sustainable fashion, while respecting local conditions and local communities. A key message is the importance of managing resources and visitors today, so that tomorrow’s visitors can also experience quality sites, and the conservation values that these places represent. The Guidelines also have a number of more detailed objectives: � To discuss the role of visitor management, including techniques that control and limit impacts of use, while allowing maximum enjoyment of as many visitors as can be accommodated within the limits set by environmental and social conditions; � To outline approaches to the planning and development of tourism infrastructure and services in protected areas; � To provide guidance on the definition, measurement, management and use of park tourism data; � To outline ways of enhancing the quality of the tourism experience; � To describe positive examples, through a variety of case studies, of how tourism can effectively contribute to the conservation of natural and cultural diversity; and � To give positive examples, again through the use of case studies, of how tourism can contribute to the development of local communities. This is a handbook, not a cookbook. The major questions and issues involved in managing tourism in protected areas are developed for the reader, but the publication does not set out to provide all the detailed answers. Thus a framework is provided to establish principles and guide decisions. There is no “one-size-fits-all” answer to the challenge of tourism in protected areas – indeed an attraction of visiting protected areas is to see how each park manager has developed his or her local situation in a way that projects its uniqueness, while contributing to the common endeavour of conservation. To a large extent, management must be responsive to local conditions. It may appear that protected area managers have a relatively simple job in achieving the task of conservation and visitor use, but in fact it is not easy at all. Managers have the challenging responsibility of balancing the many competing pressures thrust upon them. This challenge grows and becomes more complicated with increasing numbers of visitors, changes in patterns of visitor use, and the emergence of an ever more critical public demanding higher standards in conservation management. The challenge of protected area management, especially that of dealing with the pressures of recreation and tourism, will only be met effectively through building partnerships between all the interested parties. It is hoped that this document, by being available to protected area managers as well as other important stakeholders, such as local communities, tour operators and conservation groups, will help build such partnerships.

    Item Type: Technical Reports (Technical Report)
    Related URLs:
    Publisher: IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Tourism Organization
    Keywords: IUCN, sustainable tourism, protected areas
    Subjects: (F) People and the Environment > (FB) Resource Use
    (H) Protected Areas > (HD) Marine Reserve
    (H) Protected Areas > (HE) National Park
    (I) Socio-Economic Information > (IB) Economic Valuation
    (Z) Other or Unspecified
    Publication Sources: (3) Other Source > (3B) NGOs
    Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2010 08:31
    Last Modified: 22 Sep 2011 11:55

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